4 Phases of COVID-19 Protection


As our communities start to open up and the shelter-in-place orders are modified, our risk of encountering and becoming infected with the coronavirus increases. In studying COVID-19, researchers have discovered that there are four phases for which distinct responses create the best outcome:


Prevention – support is focused on immune surveillance and reduction of baseline levels of inflammation, and to improve outcomes if the patient becomes infected.


Infection – support emphasizes immune activity against infection.


Escalating Infection – support is focused on anti-inflammatory measures.


Recovery – support is focused on resolving inflammation, inhibiting fibrosis and other forms of tissue damage, curtailing losses of function, and restoring and reoptimizing function.  A concern at this phase is that patients have been observed to relapse back into the escalation inflammation phase. It is essential for clinical surveillance to continue well into what may appear to be the Recovery Phase.


Cattleman riding the fences




Just as a fence is placed around a pasture of cows to protect them from outside threats such as wolves and coyotes, our immune system is our defensive fence protecting us from outside invaders. Cattlemen ride their fences regularly to ensure that the first line of defense has no breaks, gaps or weaknesses. Calmglow helps patients uncover any weaknesses in their protective fence and to create a plan to reduce or eliminate those weaknesses.


Calmglow’s task during the prevention phase is to support our patients in anticipation of the possibility that they’ll contract the virus. This is accomplished by A) identifying and addressing ways to reduce baseline inflammation, and B) identifying and addressing deficiencies in key nutrients that are central to healthy, robust immune system activation. Calmglow orders full labs and work up for patients and uses the information obtained to address any disease, condition and/or inflammatory process which may encourage escalating COVID-19 viral disease processes.

Foundational Reinforcements For Our Defenses

These are the daily habits, healthy practices and foundational support which focus on anti-inflammatory and antiviral support and on strengthening our immune systems so that our bodies can mount the response needed to protect you should you become infected with the coronavirus.

Sleep – 8 to 9 hours of restful sleep nightly promotes an anti-inflammatory and antiviral state. If you are having a difficult time getting a restful night’s sleep, consider taking  Melatonin 3-10mg nightly, as needed.                        

Stress Reduction – persistent high stress levels are inflammatory and reduce the body’s immune function, measured by high or flat cortisol levels with elevations of epinephrine and norepinephrine (the stress hormones). Daily meditation helps to reduce stress. Try the “Calm” app. Call our office to discuss available adrenal support supplements.


Blood Sugar Control – Insulin resistance, obesity and sugar imbalances are associated with inflammation.


Anti-inflammatory Diet – improving diet by avoiding high fat (trans fats), fried, processed foods, chemical additives, and added sugar.  Eating a diet rich in nutrients has been shown to reduce inflammation. Consider a high quality nutrient dense diet that focuses on eating multicolored vegetables and fruits, rich in healthy fats (no beef or pork even if it is grass fed or naturally prepared).


Microbiome / Gut Bacteria Balance – Unbalanced of the GI microbiome bacteria has been shown to be a source of systemic inflammation and plays a symbiotic role with lung microbiome. Consider adding daily fiber (Herbulk 1-2 doses a day), diet rich in colorful vegetables and fruit, prebiotic foods, and daily probiotics. Of course, avoid cigarette/cigar/THC smoke and air pollution (may need a HEPA filter at work and home to keep the air cleaner).


Exercise – physical activity has long been known to be critical for proper function of all physiological systems. The right intensity is critical with moderate levels effective at lowering inflammatory markers, while high intensity does not.


Immune supportive vitamins and minerals – call our office to discuss available immune supportive vitamins and minerals, such as Vitamin D, Vitamin A, Zinc, Vitamin C, Quercetin, and Fish Oil.


Identify and manage any on-going diseases  – if left uncontrolled they may increase your risk of driving you into the Escalating Inflammation Phase of COVID 19 disease process.

Virus around a man



As we shift from sheltering-in-place and are out in the community more, we most likely will come in contact with the coronavirus and despite practicing personal distancing, wearing a mask, and frequent hand washing, we could become infected with the virus. The focus for the early stage of the infection is on anti-inflammatory and antioxidant support and shoring up the components of immune system function that are essential to fight the infection. 


If you have a health complication such as asthma, COPD, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, you are at higher risk to have a severe infection due to having an inefficient and over burdened innate immune system. 


In addition to individuals with underlying health concerns, there is a correlation between viral load and severity of the resulting illness. Therefore, healthcare workers who have more exposure to the virus have a higher risk of developing a severe illness. 


The goal at this phase is to keep the infection from escalating into the more dangerous and potentially fatal phase. 

Garbage Truck


Our innate immune system employs defenders called macrophages. Macrophages are our body’s garbage trucks; they get rid of the trash. A macrophage has the ability to locate and ‘eat’ particles, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. One concerning aspect of coronavirus is that it delays activation of, and even kills, our macrophages before it can activate our adaptive immune response.


To counter the virus’ ability to undermine key immunity responses, at this phase our focus turns to the foot soldiers of our immune system and providing additional antioxidant support.


Two specific white blood cells,T helper type 1 (Th1) cells and Natural Killer cells (NK), play a key role in antiviral immunity. Th1 and NK support each other’s activation. T helper type 2 (TH2) cells may improve TH1 antiviral response by improving stress chemistry (cortisol and norepinephrine), sleep regulation, asthma, and GI tract inflammation. 


Glutathione (GSH) is an antioxidant in plants, animals, fungi, and some bacteria and archaea. Glutathione is capable of preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals, peroxides, lipid peroxides, and heavy metals. GSH and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) play particularly important roles in antioxidant support in COVID-19. GSH appears to play a key role in supporting both the immune surveillance and anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory components of the strategy for addressing care for patients with COVID-19. 


In addition to continuing all of the Prevention phase recommendations, supplements which aid TH1 and NK cell support and NAC and GSH may be recommended. Call our office to discuss additional immunity support supplements such as Th1 support, Th 2 support, Baicalin-containing  botanical medicines, licorice root, Echinacea extracts and others. 

Escalating Infection


One of the complications caused by this phase of the infection is too much inflammation in the respiratory system which can prove to be fatal. A Chinese respiratory expert described COVID-19 as involving a “large amount of very sticky mucus in their small airways.”  The  goal of this phase is to help the patient stay away from manifesting the excessive inflammatory cytokine production and tissue destruction associated with sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and cardiovascular events. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a type of respiratory failure characterized by rapid onset of widespread inflammation in the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and bluish skin coloration. Natural approaches here are supportive, not primary. The unfolding disease process can escalate rapidly.


Natural anti-inflammatory supports are:


  • Potassium – maintain a balanced blood potassium level (do not take extra potassium unless directed to do so by your practitioner).
  • Turmeric  – which has documented antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric is found in Curcum-Evail.
  • Resveratrol – which has been documented to reduce inflammation. Resveratrol is in Phytomulti and should be taken twice a day.
  • Quercitin – a plant pigment (flavonoid) is found in many plants and foods, such as red wine, onions, green tea, apples, berries, Ginkgo biloba, St. John’s wort, American elder, and others. Quercetin has low bioavailability and therefore requires special formulations to achieve clinically effective blood levels. We suggest a product called D-Hist 1, take a capsule twice daily.
  • Boswellia – efficacy of bromelain in reducing inflammation and inflammatory diseases has been documented in many studies. 
  • Sulforaphane – a plant extract (obtained from cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli and cabbage) known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. 


Call our office for more information about the natural supports which are anti-inflammatory and which boost your immune system.


This virus does not leave easily. Many people who were believed to have recovered from the worst of the disease have relapsed back to the escalating infection phase. Many of those who relapsed subsequently died from complications of this virus.


Continued care and continuing to support your immune system while in the recovery phase is essential.


Note: not all supplements should be taken by someone with hypertension and other health concerns. Safety and dosing of any recommended supplements have not been evaluated for pregnant women. 


Although there is much to be learned about COVID-19 virus, substantial knowledge of the immune system and clinical tools that support the immune function and help to prevent and treat this escalating viral disease exist. Each of the supplements recommended have their own specific concerns when mixed with other pharmaceutical drugs that you may be taking. Do not embark on use of these supplements without discussing your health condition and other medications with Calmglow. 


While avoiding becoming infected by this virus is everyone’s goal, it would be foolish not to be prepared. Before leaving the safety of sheltering-in-place and widely venturing into the community, call our office to schedule an appointment to discuss how you can best boost your immune system.


At some point in the future, this virus will be in our rearview mirror (be it due to a vaccine or acquired immunity). Until we reach that point, let’s best arm our immune system to defeat COVID-19.


To your health.


Dianne Hinton NP, PA, IFM-C


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What can I do to Prevent and Reduce the Severity of COVID-19?

First take a deep breath, then consider your overall stress level and relative health… ask yourself “Am I a healthy person?” Be honest. Know that there are preventative measures for all levels of health. There is something for everyone… at all levels of health.


In the April 7, 2020 newsletter, The Institute of Functional Medicine states: “At this time, there are no specific vaccines or uniformly successful treatments for COVID-19. In this context of insufficient evidence, the scope of this document will be to assess the scientific possibility of promising prevention approaches and therapeutic (nutraceutical and botanical) interventions and then to offer clinical recommendations.” 


In addition to the recommended lifestyle habits to keep you safe during our current pandemic, such as washing your hands for 20 seconds, based on recent research, Calmglow and the Institute of Functional Medicine recommends considering some of the following supplements to help to boost your immune system and which may reduce the severity and duration of acute symptoms and complications of COVID-19.


While all of these supplements would be helpful, please call Calmglow at 209-247-9170 and talk to Tammy or Yadi for an appointment with Dianne to discuss your unique needs.




Quercetin is found in many plants and foods, such as red wine, onions, green tea, apples, berries, Ginkgo biloba, St. John’s wort, American elder, and others. The reason it is being recommended is because quercetin has been shown to have antiviral effects and the inhibition of viral replication. Suggested dosage is 500 mg twice a day. Sinuplex, offering healthy respiratory support, contains quercetin.

Sinuplex which contains Quercetin




Curcumin, found in turmeric,  has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and is a very strong antioxidant. Early research indicates that it can target the COVID-19 main protease to reduce viral replication. Suggested dosage is 500-1000 mg twice a day (of absorption-enhancedcurcumin).


Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) (green tea)


EGCG provides numerous health benefits, including reduced inflammation, weight loss, and improved heart and brain health. Recent research indicates EGCG potentially targeting the COVID-19 main protease to reduce viral replication, and has also been shown to prevent influenza in healthcare workers. The suggested dosage is 4 cups or 225 mg daily.

Cup of Green Tea
NAC Supplement


N-acetylcysteine (NAC)


N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a medication that is used to loosen thick mucus, among other uses. It is on theWorld Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines. As noted by the Institute for Functional Medicine, In a little-noticed six-month controlled clinical study enrolling 262 primarily elderly subjects, those receiving 600 mgNACtwice daily, as opposed to those receiving placebo, experienced significantly fewer influenza-like episodes and days of bed confinement. The suggested dosage is 600-900 mg twice daily.



Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep–wake cycle. As a supplement, it is often used for the short-term treatment of trouble sleeping such as from jet lag or shift work. As noted by the Institute of Functional Medicine, melatonin has been shown to have an inhibitory effect on the NLRP3 inflammasome.[94] This has not gone unnoticed by the COVID-19 research community, with two recent published papers proposing the use of melatoninas a therapeutic agent in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. The suggested dosage is 5-20 mg daily, at bedtime.

Vitamin D



Vitamin D


Vitamin D has many roles in the body from promoting healthy bones and teeth to supporting lung function and nervous system health. Evidence suggestsvitamin Dsupplementation may prevent upper respiratory infections. The suggested dosage is 5,000 IU daily.



Resveratrol is in the skin of red grapes and found in peanuts and berries. According to the Institute of Functional Medicine, it shows many beneficial health effects; has been shown to modulate the NLRP3 inflammasome; and was shown to have in vitro activity against MERS-CoV. The suggested dosage is 100-150 mg daily. This can be found in our Phytomulti (high ORAC value multivitamin with a greens mixture).

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is found in foods such as carrots, beef liver, spinach, sweet potatoes and broccoli. It has a vital role in healthy vision, growth and development, and immune function. Vitamin A has demonstrated a therapeutic effect in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The suggested dosage is 10,000-25,000 IU daily. This can be found in our Phytomulti (high ORAC value multivitamin with a greens mixture).



Elderberry is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in the world and has widespread historical use as an anti-viral herb. The suggested dosage is 500 mg daily.

Help Advantage with PEA

Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA)


According to the Institute of Functional Medicine, PEA is a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory palmitic acid derivative that interfaces with the endocannabinoid system. There was a significantly favorable outcome in five of six double blind placebo-controlled trials looking at acute respiratory disease due to influenza. The suggested dosage is 300 mg twice a day to prevent infection, and 600 mg three times a day for two weeks to treat infection.


Vitamin C


Vitamin C contributes to immune defense. Supplementation with vitamin C appears to be able to both prevent and treat respiratory and systemic infections. Vitamin C has been used in hospital ICUs to treat COVID-19 infection. The suggested dosage is 1-3 grams daily.

Potent-C Vitamin C




According to the Institute of Functional Medicine, zinc contributes to immune defense. There is also evidence that it suppresses viral attachment and replication. Supplementation with zinc is supported by evidence that it both prevents viral infections and reduces their severity and duration. Moreover, zinc has been shown to reduce the risk of lower respiratory infection, which may be of particular significance in the context of COVID-19. The suggested dosage is a total of 30–60 mg daily, taken throughout the day.

If you are pregnant, have an autoimmune disease, or take prescription medication, please talk with your healthcare provider before taking any supplements.

The above supplements help to boost your immune system. In addition, some also reduce viral growth and reduce symptoms. 

To your health.


Dianne Hinton NP, PA, IFM-C

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Researchers have confirmed that stress can negatively impact your immune system. To fully understand how stress affects your immune system, let’s explore how your immune system works, what happens to your bodies when it’s stressed, how to manage stress and how to boost your immune system.


Immune System


Immune System



The immune system is your body’s defense system and essential to your survival. To function properly, your immune system must detect invaders, such as viruses, and distinguish them from your own healthy cells. 

Immune System



Parts of the Human Immune System

Mucous Membranes:

Mucous membranes secrete mucus, which has protective antibodies. Mucous membranes are in the areas which are prime entry points for invaders: mouth, nose, eyelids, windpipe, and lungs. 



Your tonsils stop invaders entering your body through your mouth or your nose as they contain a lot of white blood cells responsible for killing germs.


Lymphatic System:

Your lymphatic system is a network of vessels and nodes that transports and filters lymph fluid containing antibodies and white blood cells.



Some of your white cells mature in the thymus.


Lymph Nodes:

Lymph nodes are where white blood cells sample information brought in from your body. If they recognize invaders, they will eliminate the invaders.



Your spleen processes information from your bloodstream. White blood cells are enriched in specific areas of the spleen, and upon recognizing invaders, they will respond accordingly.


Bone Marrow:


Your bone marrow contains stem cells that can develop into white blood cells that are important first-line responders to infection.


Key Player in the Immune System

White Blood Cells:

White blood cells are on constant patrol, looking for invaders. Once an invader is found, the white blood cells eliminate it. White blood cells also remember each novel invader encountered, so as to more quickly eliminate future attacks by that invader.

Supporting Players: 



The skin is usually the first line of defense. Skin cells produce important antimicrobial proteins. In addition to the mucous membrane, tears and saliva protect your body where there are openings in your skin as they contain an enzyme that breaks down the cell wall of many bacteria.



In addition to enabling us to obtain needed oxygen and getting rid of carbon dioxide, our lungs have an important immunity role.  Mucus is secreted which keeps the airways moist and traps unwanted particles that have been inhaled. The lungs remove unwanted debris by either sending it to the gut or coughing it out. The lungs also contain specialized white blood cells that destroy foreign particles in the lungs. 

Digestive Tract:

Your gut has to deal with the pathogens in everything you ingest.

Innate immunity

We are all born with some level of immunity, such as skin and mucous membranes. If an invader manages to dodge the innate immune system, adaptive or acquired immunity kicks in.

Adaptive (acquired) immunity


This develops as we go through life. As we are exposed to diseases or get vaccinated, we build up antibodies to different invaders. An immunization introduces weakened invaders in such a way that we do not become sick but still produce antibodies. Because your body saves copies of the antibodies, it is protected if the threat should reappear later in life.


White blood cell 600 x 600
MInd Body


Mind-Body Connection with Immune System

Do different mental states affect how our bodies function? Emerging evidence is supporting a mind-body connection. In recent years, research has suggested that emotions like stress and worry, when they persist long-term, can negatively affect our immune system. As seen in research with college students, chronic feelings of stress reduce our immunity.


Driving in a storm 300 x 600

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly of Stress and Cortisol

When you hear the word stress, do you think all stress is bad? Stress can be good.  Examples of good stress include physical stress on muscles or your vascular system when exercising, alertness in response to psychological stress such as taking an exam or pay attention to driving during bad weather.


One of the main hormones released under stressful conditions is cortisol. Cortisol mobilizes a “fight-or-flight” mode, increasing blood pressure and heart rate. 


When your body encounters an invader, your immune system responds. Part of this response causes inflammation, which is often a good thing (it means your immune system is working). Another interesting property of cortisol is that it acts as an anti-inflammatory signal, meaning that it acts as an “off switch” for your immune system’s inflammatory response.


Having cortisol turn off your immune system in response to a short-term issue, say being chased by a saber-toothed cat or taking a final exam, is good. The problem arises when chronic stress becomes your norm.


If you are stressed for a long time, your body never gets the signal to return to normal functioning. This can weaken your immune system, leaving you more vulnerable to viral infections and frequent illnesses. Your regular vaccines will not work as well if you have chronic stress.


Stress 600 x 600


How Chronic Stress Affects Your Immune System

Chronic stress can negatively impact many of your body systems, from muscular to cardiovascular. Researchers have found evidence that 75% to 90% of human disease is related to chronic stress and inflammation. While short term suppression of the immune system is not dangerous, chronic suppression leaves the body vulnerable to infection and disease. For a vaccine to work, there needs to be both antibody and virus-specific white blood cell response. Changes in the immune response by chronic stress can negatively impact both antibody and white blood cell response to viral vaccines.


Boost Immune

Ways To Boost Your Immune System

  • Stress reduction: Practice stress reduction strategies regularly.
  • Sleep: Practice good sleep hygiene and maintain consistent sleep hours.
  • Exercise: Moderate, regular physical activity helps to boost immune system function by raising levels of infection-fighting white blood cells and antibodies, increasing circulation, and decreasing stress hormones. 
  • Nutritious foods: Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Include fermented vegetables or other probiotic-containing foods.
  • If you smoke, stop smoking.
  • If you drink alcohol, only drink in moderation.
  • Take steps to avoid infection, such as washing your hands frequently and cooking meats thoroughly.
  • Take the appropriate supplements for your body. A functional medicine practitioner can help you identify the supplements you need.




Stress Reduction Strategies

  • Exercise regularly
  • Reduce or eliminate caffeine
  • Aromatherapy
  • Keep a journal
  • Spend time with friends, family, and pets
  • Laugh daily
  • Deep breathing, meditation, yoga
  • Take a bubble bath or sauna
  • Get a massage
  • Set boundaries and say no
  • Listen to music
  • Be creative
  • Talk with a therapist


Reduce Stress in Mind & Body 600 x 600


Understanding the role chronic stress plays in compromising your health should inspire you to take charge in lowering your stress. Find the stress-reduction strategies which work for you and employ them daily. Implement the steps to boost your immune system. Your future self will thank you.


To your health.


Dianne Hinton NP, PA, IFM-C


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What our
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Always get clarity and understanding…

Dianne has always help me understand the complicated issues of hypothyroidism, understanding the symptoms and long term effects. She has helped with my dietary needs and overall well being. Highly recommend if you are still feeling the symptoms even if your on traditional medications.

—- MC

The best part of talking with new patients…

I have worked with Dianne Hinton at Calmglow for 4 years. I receive calls from new patients every day. I think the best part of talking with new patients is that I give them the knowledge and hope in knowing that I–like all of Dianne’s staff–was her patient before her employee. I think that says a lot about Dianne as a practitioner. She is very compassionate and caring towards each individual patient.

— Cindy Toste

Diane Hinton saved my life!

After over a year of traditional doctors misdiagnosing and mistreating my illness, Diane immediately got it right. She identified the root cause of my illness, and I went from being chronically ill to healed and healthy in less than a year. Diane listens to and cares for her patients like no one I’ve ever known. I highly recommend her for diagnosing the true health issues, rather than just treating your symptoms.

— Sarah Hayes

My husband and I just love Calmglow …

Just what is Functional Medicine?  Simply put…. I call it getting to the “cause” of a health issue. Rashes, High Pressure, Arthritis, Obesity, Insomnia, and Fatigue are a few of the issues she’s helped us with.  But what I really like best is; she doesn’t say “here, take this pill” and it’ll “treat the symptoms”.  She treats the “cause” of those symptoms so they truly go away without requiring “pills”.  Our bodies are healing, and the we feel we’re the healthiest we’ve been in a long time! What we’ve discovered about the manner in which our bodies “had been” functioning previously, from the in depth tests she recommends, was pretty astounding. We’ve learned so much since starting to see her as our practitioner, I would never choose to go back to an Allopathic doctor!